Regras do Texas Hold’em

Texas Hold’em is the most popular poker variant in the world. Almost all major tournaments are played in this variant. The game is played in no-limit or limit format. Its rules are really simple and easy to learn, but mastering Texas Hold’em can take years. This lesson is intended to cover the ground rules and game development.

How to Play Texas Hold’em

In Texas Hold’em, a standard 52-card deck is used, and 2 to 10 players can participate in it. However, before any cards are dealt, players need to determine who will be the ‘dealer’ of the next hand. This does not necessarily mean that the player must deal the cards (dealing is done automatically online, and by a casino dealer in live play). The dealer is identified by a mark known as the dealer button or ‘button’. The dealer’s position determines which two players should place blinds. So that there is always money to be won in each pot, two players each hand have to place compulsory bets, known as ‘blinds’ (because they are being paid even though the players have not yet seen the cards). One player posts the ‘small blind’, and the player to their left posts the ‘big blind’, which is usually twice the value of the ‘small blind’. The dealer changes position every hand, which means that players rotate dealer, small blind and big blind positions.

After the blinds are posted, each player is dealt two cards face down. These are known as hole cards, and can only be seen and used by the player who received them. In all, five community cards are then dealt, and are available for use by all players. The goal is to make the best five-card hand out of the seven available.

The four betting rounds

Pre-flop – the first round of betting
All action that takes place before the first three community cards (the ‘flop’) are dealt is described as ‘pre-flop’. After each player has been able to observe their hole cards, they each act for the first time.

The player seated to the left of the big blind acts first, and is said to be ‘under the gun’. That’s because, from a positioning standpoint, acting first puts you at a disadvantage.

Each player has the following options when it’s their turn to act:

  • Fold: This means that you no longer play the hand, and put your cards aside. You no longer claim the money in the pot, even if you have called one of the blinds.
  • Call: This means that you want to play the hand equaling the current bet size. Note that after the flop you should also have the option to check if there were no bets before you.
  • Raise: This means that you want to increase the size of your current bet. If no one before you makes a raise, you can place a bet yourself.

The Flop – The Second Betting Round
After the first betting round is complete, the first three community cards are dealt. This is called a ‘flop’.

O Flop

The Turn – The Third Betting Round
After all bets have been placed in the second betting round, the fourth community card is dealt. This is known as ‘turn’. Another round of betting begins, starting with the first player to the left of the dealer still in the hand.

The River – The Fourth Betting Round
Upon completion of all betting in the third betting round, the fifth and final community card is dealt. This is known as the ‘river’. A final betting round then begins, starting again with the first player to the left of the button.

The Opening of Cards (Showdown)
After the end of the last round of betting, each player must form the best possible five-card poker hand from a combination of his two hole cards and the five community cards. At this point, all remaining players must show their hands so that the best hand can be determined. The player with the best hand at showdown wins the pot.

Showdown

If more than one player has the same winning hand, the pot is then split, known as a ‘split pot’. When the current hand is complete and before the next hand can start, the dealer button moves to the left, and moves on to the next player.

The difference between No-Limit and Fixed-Limit Hold’em
Hold’em can be played no-limit or fixed-limit. Regardless of the bet limit being played, the rules and game development are the same. The only difference is the amount of chips players can bet when it’s their turn to act.

No-Limit Texas Hold’em

In the case of No-limit Hold’em, players can bet all the chips they have at any time. This generates a lot of action and excitement, which explains the game’s popularity on television. it also means that a player can profit a lot in a short period of time. On the other hand, there is also a higher risk of losing money quickly, which can be intimidating for newcomers.

One important thing to remember is that in No-Limit, a raise must be at least twice the value of the last bet made by an opponent. Example: If a player bets $5, the next player who wants to raise must do so with a minimum of $10.

Fixed-Limit Texas Hold’em

In Fixed-limit, players can only bet a certain amount each round. It’s a very suitable structure for beginners, and it also means that players will see a lot of flops. In the first two betting rounds (pre-flop and post-flop), players can only bet or raise the value of the small bet. In the last two betting rounds (after the turn and river), players can only bet or raise the value of a big bet. In a cash game, the size of the big and small bet is specified in the table name. For example, a table called ‘Fixed-Limit $1/$2’ has a small bet of $1, and a big bet of $2. Another point to remember is that there is a maximum of three raises each round.

Whichever type of Hold’em you decide to play, you will have to adapt your game accordingly, as each of the variants has a different strategic approach to consider.


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The Basics

Learn the basics of Texas Hold'em before you start practicing at the PokerStars tables.